What Is Clinical Psychology?
Clinical psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with the practical application of psychological research methodologies and findings to the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Clinical psychologists use observation, interviews and psychometric tests to conduct assessments of individual patients in order to determine the nature and extent of their psychological difficulties and develop appropriate therapeutic plans. They are also responsible for providing therapy and counselling to individuals with psychological issues, using evidence-based approaches such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and dialectical behavior therapy. Clinical psychologists can work in a number of different settings, including private practice, hospitals and research institutions, and can also specialize in specific disorders or populations.
What is the scope of clinical psychology?
Those considering a career in clinical psychology need to have excellent interpersonal skills, and be comfortable with delicate and sensitive subject matter. They should be good at note taking and able to write clearly, as much of their role involves documenting the progress and status of their clients. They need to be able to set realistic goals for their clients and have high ethical standards, as they will be probing individuals at some of their most vulnerable emotional states.
If you decide that clinical psychology is the right fit for you, you should complete a bachelor’s degree in education, social work or a related field. Then, you can enroll in a master’s or doctoral program in clinical psychology. These programs usually take one to two years to complete and may require a year-long internship or residency. After graduation, you can apply for licensure with your state’s psychology board.